Malawi. Parmi les 20 espèces enregistrées, cinq étaient utilisées dans In Africa, a well-known supplier of such fruits is the baobab (Adansonia digitata L., Malvaceae), one of the most remarkable trees of the world. The members of the genus are united by several derived characters that serve to distinguish them from other Bombacaceae, including a characteristic, indehiscent fruit with reniform seeds and a powdery pulp. The soluble fibers found in baobab fruit may exert prebiotic effects, promoting the growth of healthy bacteria in the gut. These features were considered to be taxonomically relevant in the delimitation of these varieties. The role of non-timber forest products in sustaining rural economies of the southern African region has been underestimated because of inadequate policy recognition. This paper presents the nutritive composition and nutritional quality of wild gathered foods from Malian Gourma. Baobab is a rich source of vitamin C, making it great for skin care. In addition, many tree species have multipurpose value: six of the 20 species were recorded to be food producers in addition In Madagascar, its home is the western part of the country, e.g. Uses, management, and population status of the baobab in eastern Burkina Faso, Domesticating indigenous fruit trees as a contribution to poverty reduction, Studies on the mucilages extracted from okra fruits (Hibiscus esculentus L.) and baobab leaves (Adansonia digitata L.), Importance and seasonality of vegetable consumption and marketing in Burkina Faso, Potential to harness superior nutritional qualities of exotic Baobabs if local adaptation can be conferred through grafting, Genetic fingerprinting using AFLP cannot distinguish traditionally classified baobab morphotypes, Traditional leafy vegetables and their use in the Benin Republic, Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) and Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) Management Strategies in the Midst of Conflict and Change: A Dogon Case Study from Mali, Baobabs (Adansonia digitata L.) are self-incompatible and ‘male’ trees can produce fruit if hand-pollinated, Predicting suitable areas for cultivation and conservation of the baobab tree and investigating superior sources of planting material, A (and C) for Africa: The baobab tree as a source of vitamins, Morphologic and Biochemical Diversity of Peasant’s Baobab Tree ( Adansonia digitata L.) Morphotypes in Senegal, Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.): A Review on a multipurpose tree with promising future in the Sudan, The Origins of Agriculture: An Evolutionary Perspective, Les Baobabs ( Adansonia ) de l'Afrique continentale, The Amino Acid and Mineral Content of Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) Leaves, Calcium Analysis of Selected Western African Foods, A Dictionary of Economic Products of India, Ecological diversity and pulp, seed and kernel production of the Baobab (Adansonia digitata) in Benin, The calcium and phosphorus intakes of rural Gambian women during pregnancy and lactation, Household Food Strategies in Response to Seasonality and Famine, Impact of land-use type and bark- and leaf-harvesting on population structure and fruit production of the baobab tree (Adansonia digitata L.) in a semi-arid savanna, West Africa, Variation in baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) leaf morphology and its relation to drought tolerance, Supplementary and emergency food plants of West Africa, Local Use and Cultural and Economic Value of Products from Trees in the Parklands of the Municipality of Cinzana, Mali, The contribution of wild plants to human nutrition in the Ferlo (Northern Senegal), Comparative study on baobab fruit morphological variation between western and south-eastern Africa: Opportunities for domestication, Epidemiology of human dermatophytoses in Africa, La radio en Afrique de l'Ouest, un « média carrefour » sous-estimé ? distorted interpretations of African historical figures and reveals a colonial biography of persuasion. Temperature here in Spain is not a problema. Dura is the main variety found in natural groves, and has been the source of palm oil for decades – well before modern methods of oil palm cultivation were introduced to Africa in the second quarter of the twentieth century. contents and B1 and B2 vitamin levels of dried baobab leaves were determined for five-year old trees of A. digitata, A. gibbosa (A. Such location signals a specific narrative display characterized by the subordination of the biographies to narratives that, in general, celebrate the French historical and political experience in Africa. ▶ Pruning had an effect on reproductive performances of A. digitata. Based on the minerals, Vitamin B1 and B2 content, Baobab has a potential to improve nutrition for millions of people in Africa. It seems that genetic and physiological effects play a role in baobab fruit, leaf and seedling morphology. Most people chose this as the best definition of baobab: Any of several trees of t... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. In both case studies, the role of non-resident NTFP dealers is a source of inevitable threat in promoting sustainable harvesting and trade. Further, the density and relative humidity of fibers were determined.The cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, ash, and moisture contents present in the fiber are 60.70%, 21.98%,5.91%, 5.32%, 13%, respectively. Adansonia digitata L. is a multi-purpose species which plays an important role in the socio-economic and cultural life of Sub-Saharan populations. ... African baobab drink prepared by reconstituting the powder in water. Its young leaves are edible, and the large gourdlike woody fruit contains a tasty mucilaginous pulp from which a refreshing drink can be made. Baobab is most commonly available as a powder in regions where the fruit is not grown. The occurrence of famines in various parts of the world, especially in primitive tropical areas, has compelled the inhabitants Information about the contribution of mineral-rich seasonings was obtained. Roots of water lilies, the N. lotus, were found to have a balanced amino acid composition. It is a very important plant with edible, medicinal and other excellent uses. and water endowments within the village. Presently, there are several medicinal benefits of African Baobab. A Bayesian cluster approach detected two distinct gene pools in the sample set, mainly caused by one highly diverse population close to a main road. Methodology: The study employed qualitative methods which entailed conducting 9 focus group discussions among CHWs and CHVs working at two rural districts in Ghana. Calcium concentrations were determined using an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrophotometer (ICP). A historical background on palm studies in Africa is provided, whereas current efforts on our multi-disciplinary research efforts in West Africa and future perspectives are depicted. Cet article présente une étude sur l’utilisation des produits forestiers non ligneux (PFNL) durant la saison séche dans la The Maxent software based on the maximum-entropy approach for species habitat modelling was used together with spatial environmental data and geo-referenced records of the baobab tree to analyse its ecological preferences and potential cultivation sites. The study of media in Africa is characterized. The baobab population's occurred on sandy soils in the Sudanian and Guinean zones and on sandy–clayey soils in the Sudano-Guinean zone. Clusters IV and I had the highest inter-clusters value and intra-cluster distance. According to a study published in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, baobab pulp is rich in vitamin C, with 40 g providing from 84 percent to more than 100 percent of the Recommended Daily Intake (RDI). Among these, The observed populations provide a promising gene pool and likely comprise ecotypes well-adapted to environmental conditions at the northern distribution range of the species, which should be considered in conservation and management programs. The aim of the current study, therefore, was to analyze genetic and morphological variability of different baobab populations in Kordofan, Sudan and to estimate the effect of human intervention on genetic differentiation and diversity.• Sort by: product a-z product z-a Display: Loading... Carrion Flower … More community interventions that draw on the support of key influential persons in the community and fathers are needed to address cultural barriers to appropriate complementary feeding practices. A list of priority research areas is provided at the end of the review to encourage further studies and investment in this unique plant taxon. Baobab powder may be used in bodybuilding and fitness supplements as well as in vitamins and mineral formulas. Baobab is a multi-purpose tree which offers protection and provides food, clothing and medicine as well as raw material for many useful items. Acha (Digitaira spp), considered as one of the lost crops of Africa, remains an, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. its strategies to cope with institutional change, climate change, unequal land distribution, and expanding market access. We conducted an ethnobotanical survey among Gulimanceba people and performed a quantitative analysis using different measures of knowledge. Non-income related impacts on health and the environment are also discussed. planting materials. A study conducted by Oxford Brookes University found that polyphenol-rich baobab fruit extract, baked in bread, reduced starch digestion and glycemic response in humans. Flowering and fruiting of the baobab is seasonal. We conclude that despite the land-use impact and the intense harvesting, baobabs are still well preserved in the communal area due to their longevity, extremely low adult mortality rates and traditional management practices. In each country eight study sites In general, fruits from Mali tended to be more elongated and their seeds were lighter than those from Debarking and pruning were slightly size specific. Cow's milk accounted for only 5 % of Ca intake. The fruit pulp, seeds, leaves, flowers, roots, and bark of baobab are edible and they have been studied by scientists for their useful properties. Baobab fruit pulp extract gave the highest yield (22.3%), In addition, the ecology, ethnobotany, and conservation status of Adansonia is summarized, focusing especially on the poorly known Malagasy and Australian species. The baobabs (Bombacaceae: Adansonia) are tropical trees native to Africa, Australia, and Madagascar but dispersed widely by humans. Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) strongly contribute to livelihood security in the semi-arid tropics. If a bad season stretches into a prolonged drought, or if there is a sudden drop in purchasing power, then these activities are further intensified, but families are forced into divesting resources: selling productive assets, constricting food intake, and migration. Herbs (64.78%) were the most numerous followed by shrubs (19.78%) and trees The “nutrition transition” has reached developing countries and is contributing to a fast change in food habits there. However, the current rapid rate of climate change caused by human activities presents unprecedented new challenges to the future of plants. Like, Organic Baobab oil is considered ideal for cosmetic products due to its antioxidant content and high Omega 6-9 fatty acids. Surveys were carried out in 2006, in thirteen villages of three various agro-ecological zone of Senegal, to identify criteria used in describing baobab morphotypes by peasants. Wild edible fruits hold great potential for improving human diets, especially in agricultural societies of the developing world. However, in the light of land-use and climate changes, adapted management strat-egies are required. The Ca and P intakes of 148 pregnant and lactating women in a rural village in The Gambia. Keywords Because of the tetraploid nature of A. digitata, different approaches were applied to estimate patterns of genetic diversity. In each zone, an estimate was made of pulp, seed and kernel production from 1200 fruits harvested from 30 individuals. This study set out to document the most important traditional food crops in Kenya and highlight their production levels, production ecologies, as well as their nutritional value. Baobab fruit is edible, and baobab seed powder is used in foods because of its nutrients, possible health benefits, and as a natural preservative. Baobab (Adansonia digitata) leaves represent a key nutritional resource; although their consumption is apparently restricted to local communities, mainly as a sticky sauce, cosmetics and a variety of purposes. other palm floras, African palms are extremely interesting from different perspectives, including phylogenetics, economic botany, ecology and conservation, all of them briefly discussed in this paper. This paper considers acha as a once "lost crop of Africa" whose potentials of providing enough food for the increasing population of poor people in the Continent cannot be ignored. In the Guinean zone, a density of only 1 baobab per km2 was recorded. different baobab populations: Mali and Malawi (West and south-eastern Africa, respectively). The baobab is mainly used for food. The baobab tree grows in Australia, the Middle East, and parts of Africa. HPV 53 and 16 were the most common viral types (13.5 and 12.0 % respectively). is crucial to their conservation. Keywords The wide range of uses of these naturalised trees in the world have in recent time witnessed increasing demand of their foliar, bark, root, fruit and seed products in nutritional, fibre and medical applications. In terms of mineral content, baobab leaf is an excellent source of calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, and zinc. African baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) is a common, multifunctional tree native to Western Africa's arid and semi-Arid regions. Every part of the tree has traditionally been used as food, as medicine, or as the basis of clothing or household items. 2011). A large morphological diversity in both fruit and leaf characteristics was observed, which gives the opportunity to select more desirable characters for cultivation. Evidence on the numbers and types of people obtaining an income from indigenous fruit trees, the proportion and value of that income and whether the income acts as a safety-net or can help to move people out of poverty, is presented. Pruning in interaction with tree-size had a significant impact on fruit production. Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) is tropical tree of the silk-cotton family that is native to Africa. The leaves are a vegetable and the edible, sour fruit pulp finds a lot of culinary uses. The upsurge demand for these products needs to be balanced with new varieties of improved performance to meet the supply chain. Possible maximum age suggested is 1,500 years old. This study evaluates the morpho-biochemical significance of these local morphotypes using a scientific approach. are largely dependent on environmental factors. The results show The zones with high values of potential evaporation, rainfall, relative humidity, temperature, pHwater and percentage of fine silt are associated with a low seed and fruit pulp production. The health benefits of baobab are said to include: It is reported to have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, antidiarrheal, antiviral, and antioxidant properties, and to be useful in treating or preventing anemia and asthma. Of the species inventoried, In eastern Zimbabwe, baobab (Adansonia digitata) bark is harvested for craft purposes, but in danger of destruction in the short term as a result of harvesting and trade arrangements. 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